Hellenic Navy

Personnel and composition of the Hellenic Navy.

Personnel
Officers3.800
NCOs & Professional Sailors12.000
Conscripts3.000
TOTAL18.800

Total active staff is supplamented in general mobilization with reserves of 9,800 people.

COMPOSITION OF THE NAVY
OrganizationFleet Headquarters
CommandsFrigates, Submarines, Patrolboats, Gunboats, Navy Helicopters, Mine Warfare, Amphibious Forces, Underwater Demolition Teams, Naval Training, Logistics, Aegean, Ionian, Northern Greece

Anyone who visits the largest port in the country will immediately realize the need for modernizing the infrastructure dating back to the Second World War! The piers must be able to to provide uninterrupted power sypply, oil and water to berthed ships. A new autonomous monitoring system for the protection of marine facilities needs to be installed and a system for the area surveillance along with the necessary monitoring facilities need to be established at the Naval Station and eliminate the need for manning the berthed boats.

Frigates

NAMETYPEIN SERVICE
F452 HYDRAΜΕΚΟ 200ΗΝ1992
F453 SPETSESΜΕΚΟ 200ΗΝ1996
F454 PSARAΜΕΚΟ 200ΗΝ1998
F455 SALAMISΜΕΚΟ 200ΗΝ1998
F450 ELLIStandard Batch II1981
F451 LIMNOSStandard Βatch I1982
F459 ANDRIASStandard Βatch I1979
F460 AIGAIOStandard Βatch II1980
F461 NAVARINONStandard Βatch I1980
F462 KOUNTOURIOTISStandard Βatch Ι1978
F464 KANARISStandard Batch II [1]1983
F465 THEMISTOKLISStandard Batch II1981
F466 NIKIFOROS FOKASStandard Batch II1982

The Hellenic Navy currently operates 9 Dutch "S" type frigates (displacement of 3,500 tons) as well as 4 German "MEKO" type frigates (displacement of 3,350 tons). The aging fleet of frigates calls for the immediate acquisition of new units . The type "S" frigates were built between 1977 and 1981. Six of the frigates have undergone a mid-life modernization programme, namely the 4 Batch I and the 2 Batch II. The contract amounting to 381,578,580 euros was signed on 12 February 2003 and it was immediately criticized because the ships had already exceeded their average life expectancy.

The number of frigates in the Future Force Structure 2005 - 2020 amounts to 13 units and to maintain this number a new mid-life modernization programme for MEKO 200HN will have to be launched very soon, in order to extend the service life for these frigates. The cost of the program is estimated at 400,000,000 euros and its duration will cover the years 2021-2024.

The decision to buy 4 new frigates, combined with the modernization of the 4 MEKO frigates is expected to deliver 8 modern frigates to the fleet. The upgraded type "S" frigates will initially complete the ncessary ceiling, in the hope that some of those vessels will be replaced by used frigates offered as compensation for the purchase of the new frigates.

Submarines

NAMETYPEIN SERVICE
S120 PAPANIKOLISΤype 2142011
S121 PIPINOSΤype 2142014
S122 MATROZOSΤype 2142016
S123 KATSONISΤype 2142017
S111 NIREASΤype 209/1100 [1]1972
S112 TRITONΤype 209/11001972
S113 PROTEASΤype 209/11001972
S116 POSEIDONΤype 209/12001979
S117 AMFITRITIΤype 209/12001979
S118 OKEANOSΤype 209/1200 [2]1980 - 2014
S119 PONTOSΤype 209/12001980

[1] The operating unit ceiling for submarines was increased to 12 units in September 2008. The 4 submarines type GLAFKOS (Type 209/1100) underwent a mid-life modernization program between 1991 and 2000, under the Neptune I contract. Although it was initially estimated that their service life could be extended to 2015, in June 2011 the GLAFKOS submarine -the world's first conventional sub-type 209-1100 sub- was decommissioned.

[2] From the remaining submarines in service, namely the four POSEIDON type (Type 209/1200), three were scheduled to go through a mid-life modernization programme (Neptune II) between 2004 and 2012. After the completion of works for the first submarine -which was greatly delayed- it was decided to replace the remaining two with a new submarine Type 209AIP. However, the program did not go ahead.

The condition of the older upgraded Type 209/1100 submarines - despite all efforts - is not acceptable and they are not all considered as combat ready. The crews of the remaining non-upgraded Type 209/1200 submarines do everything possible to remain operational, but the vessels are already 50 years old and counting.

Gunboats and Coastal Patrols

NAMETYPEIN SERVICE
Ρ266 MAXITISMACHITIS HSY-56A2003
Ρ267 NIKIFOROS MACHITIS HSY-56A2003
Ρ268 AITITOS MACHITIS HSY-56A2003
Ρ269 KRATAIOSMACHITIS HSY-56A2004
Ρ57 KASOSPYRPOLITIS HSY-561991
P61 POLEMISTISPYRPOLITIS HSY-561992
Ρ18 ARMATOLOSARMATOLOS OSPREY-551991
Ρ19 NAYMACHOSARMATOLOS OSPREY-551990
Ρ286 ANTONIOU ANTONIOU ESTEREL1975
Ρ287 STAMOU ANTONIOU ESTEREL1975
Ρ229 TOLMH TOLMH ASHEVILLE1968
Ρ230 ORMI TOLMH ASHEVILLE1969
Ρ196 ANDROMEDA KYKNOS NASTY1966
Ρ198 KYKNOS KYKNOS NASTY1967
Ρ199 PIGASOS KYKNOS NASTY1967
Ρ228 TOXOTIS KYKNOS NASTY1967

Of the 18 units of surfaces vessels included in the table above, 10 were delivered in the 60s and 70s, which means that a new program is required for the construction of at least four MACHITIS type gunboats.

In 2020 the Hellenic Navy has a homogeneous fleet of 12 gunboats (8 type MACHITIS, 2 type OSPREY-55 and 2 type OSPREY HSY-55 BATCH I). As for the Coastal Patrols (Esterel & Nasty), which offer less autonomy and are mainly used for short-term surveillance (shorter than 24-hour missions) close to coast, the fleet currently consists exclusively of older ships. The renewal can be achieved either by switching other ships to this role (e.g., S148)or by acquiring new ships.

Fast Guided Missile Patrols

These small displacement ships are flexible and ideal for coastal combat environments, such as the Aegean with its special geomorphology.

NAMETYPEIN SERVICE
Ρ-79 VLAHAKOSSuper Vita-
Ρ-78 KARATHANASISSuper Vita2020
Ρ-71 RITSOS Super Vita2006
Ρ-70 GRIGOROPOULOS Super Vita2005
P-69 KRYSTALLIDISSuper Vita2004
P-68 DANIOLOSSuper Vita2003
Ρ-67 ROUSSENSuper Vita2002
Ρ-24 KAVALOUDISBR-56B Combattante IIIB1979
Ρ-26 DEGIANNISBR-56B Combattante IIIB1980
Ρ-27 XENOSBR-56B Combattante IIIB1981
Ρ-28 SIMITZOPOULOSBR-56B Combattante IIIB1980
Ρ-29 STARAKISBR-56B Combattante IIIB1980
Ρ-20 LASKOSBR-56A Combattante IIIA1976
Ρ-21 BLESSASBR-56A Combattante IIIΑ1976
Ρ-22 MYKONIOSBR-56A Combattante IIIΑ1977
Ρ-23 TROUPAKISBR-56A Combattante IIIΑ1977
Ρ-72 VOTSISCombattante IIA1973
Ρ-73 PEZOPOULOSLa Combattante IIA1972
Ρ-75 MARIDAKISLa Combattante IIA1973

The BR-56A Combattante IIIA vessels are also known as S-148

With the delivery of all Super Vita vessels the fleet of Fast Guided Missile Boats operated by the Hellenic Navy includes a powerful core of modern ships, reinforced with the four LASKOS type ships. The latter, after their modernization, have been equipped with modern electronic systems incorporated by the newer Super Vita class and other ships currently in service (e.g. the upgraded Standard frigates, the gunboats type HSY-56A). Therefore, these ships remain competent and can offer their services up to 2025 - 2030. The rest of the ships (class KAVALOUDIS and S148) have not undergone a modernization program and their gradual decommissioning is considered inevitable.

Navy Aviation

NAMETYPEIN SERVICE
P-3B Orion TACNAVMOD II5[1]
MH-60R Seahawk Romeo4On order
S-70B-6 Aegean Hawk8
S-70B Aegean Hawk3
AB-212 ASW Agusta Bell7
AB-212 EW2
SA-319B Allouette III2Training

[1] Under delivery, one is not upgraded and will be used for training purposes only

Naval Weapons

NAMETYPEIN SERVICE
Crotale NG2
ARTEMIS-30 (2 x 30 mm)5
ΜΜ-40 Exocet2Coastal Defense
RH-202 Rheinmetall (2x20 mm)183
Bofors L/60 και L/70 (40 mm);

In October 1990, the Hellenic Navy acquired two Exocet MM40 Block 2 batteries based on Renault TRM 10000 trucks, under a contract worth 7.2 billion drachmas. Each launcher is capable of carrying and firing up to 4 anti-ship MM-40 Block 2 missiles -with a maximum range of 72km- using cylindrical canisters or alternatively 2 older MM38 missiles using square canisters. The batteries have successfully performed training launches in Crete, utilizing missiles MM38 at a maximum range of 38km.

The Hellenic Navy considers that equipping an additional three islands with modern anti-ship missiles (eg NSM) will offset the numerical superiority of the Turkish Navy. NSMs are considered difficult to "block" and they offer a minimum and maximum range of 3 km and 185 km respectively. The NSM incorporates a 120kg warhead and uses GPS navigation and terrain following systems.

Ηλεκτρολόγος Δημήτρης Ανθής